There are a wide variety of doors made of many different materials which can be used within the home. Doors vary in thickness and in size as well. Doors for the home come from 11/8” to over 2″ in thickness. However, most interior doors are 13/8” thick while the popular exterior door is 1¾” thick.
While the height and width of doors varies considerably, certain sizes are considered common by the trade. Among the sizes most readily available are:
2’6″ x 6’6″
2’8″ x 6’8″
2’10” x 6’10”
3′ x 7′
In addition to the everyday doors that are set in place with hinges on one side, there are many other types of doors which the handyman can use in his home. Actually, doors can be classified according to the technique of hanging; these are:
1. Hinged doors – batten, hollow-core, solid, panel – all fastened to the door jamb with two or three hinges, depending upon the size of the door.
2. Sliding doors – these have become increasingly popular during the past few years. They are mounted on tracks and move back and forth instead of opening in and out.
3. Folding doors – accordion folding doors save both floor and wall space. They offer the same advantages as the sliding doors, but in addition they fold compactly so that you have practically full access through the doorway when the accordion-fold door is opened.
4. Recessed doors – an old style door has been revived in the modern manner. Floating action hardware makes it possible to open the door into the wall. You can use any flush or panel door.
Types of Hinged Doors
A door, whether interior or exterior, should harmonize with the architecture and furnishings of the house. If you have a door or doors which don’t seem to fit in properly, you may replace them with ready-made doors obtained at a lumber or building supply dealer. That is, if your present doorways are standard size and don’t need special dimensions. Or, with a little imagination and energy you can remodel an old door so that it will reflect your own taste.
Flush Door – This is, of course, the height of all modern style in a door, as it is all of one piece, without any paneling or molding. The very absence of any trim makes it an ideal door which may be adapted to any type of room.
One-panel Door – While this is not as austere in design as the flush door, it is also a simple style which fits in with any modern or traditional house.
Two-panel Door – This could also have three or four panels, according to your taste, with the panels spaced underneath each other in the proportions you desire.
Six-panel Door – When a door has made more than four panels, it becomes impossible to have them all horizontally; this necessitates making two rows of panels, proportioned according to your decorating taste.
Dutch Door – This is a horizontally divided door, usually across the center, and it allows for the top part to be open while the bottom section remains closed. This is of special value in a door leading to the exterior of the house, when ventilation is desired but a certain amount of privacy is maintained through the closed bottom. Also, this is recommended for the interior of the house, between rooms, when there is an active small child or an animal pet that needs to be kept within bounds.
Glass-paned Exterior Door – An exterior door may be made most attractive through using as panels, clear, opaque, frosted, or even colored glass. If the existing door has wood panels you want to replace, it is not a difficult task to remove them and insert the glass, finishing off with the existing molding or new molding bought for the purpose.
When finishing a basement or attic or adding a room to your home, you have to make provisions for doors. The actual framing is very simple and can be done with only a rule, square and hand saw. If you follow the few simple steps shown here, you will have made a door frame in the professional manner.
How to Hang with Hinges
Doors may be hung right hand or left hand. The hand side of the door does not mean the knob side of the door. The proper hand of the door means the hinge side or edge, whether opening from or toward you.
– In blueprints of a home when the architect marks the door openings R, it means that the door is to be hung with the hinges to the right and swinging out away from you.
– When the door opening is marked RR, it means that the door is hung on the same jamb but opens toward you.
– Marking the opening with an L indicates that the hinges are to be placed on the left jamb as you face the door from the outside and the door opens away from you.
The hand of a door is determined from the outside. The term “outside” refers to the street side of an entrance and the corridor side of a room. In a communicating door, room to room, the outside of the door is the side from which, when the door is closed, the hinges are not visible and the door opens from you. acoustic door
The outside of a closet door, opening either hand, is the room side and this applies to sliding doors as well as hinged doors. When standing outside of a door, if the hinge butts on the right, it is a right hand door; on the left, a left hand door. Kitchen doors in recent installations are hung so that they can be swung away from you as you approach them from either side. This type of door requires special spring hinges which are generally mortised into the door.
Generally, house doors are hung on hinges made of iron, steel, brass or bronze, or on steel hinges which have been coppered, nickeled, or oxidized. There are also a number of invisible hinges which are available. Hinges should be checked to see that the loose pins are not painted over and inoperative. The use of the loose pins makes it possible to remove the door for any purpose without taking off the hinges.
Hanging a door requires care and precision to insure the proper and efficient functioning of the door. The following steps outline the proper procedure in hanging a door: